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Signs and Symptoms
Beyond Blue reports that a person may be depressed if, for more than two weeks, he or she has felt sad, down or miserable most of the time or has lost interest or pleasure in usual activities, and has also experienced several of the signs and symptoms across at least three of the categories below (Beyond Blue).
It’s important to note that everyone experiences some of these symptoms from time to time and it may not necessarily mean a person is depressed. Equally, not every person who is experiencing depression will have all of these symptoms.
- not going out anymore
- not getting things done at work/school
- withdrawing from close family and friends
- relying on alcohol and sedatives
- not doing usual enjoyable activities
- unable to concentrate
- lacking in confidence
- ‘I’m a failure.’
- ‘It’s my fault.’
- ‘Nothing good ever happens to me.’
- ‘I’m worthless.’
- ‘Life’s not worth living.’
- ‘People would be better off without me.’
- tired all the time
- sick and run down
- headaches and muscle pains
- churning gut
- sleep problems
- loss or change of appetite
- significant weight loss or gain
Reference: Beyond Blue
There are a range of effective treatments that can assist in the treatment of depression.
Psychological treatments can help change thinking patterns and improve comping skills. There are several types of effective psychological treatments such as Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT), Interpersonal therapy, behaviour therapy and mindfulness-based cognitive therapy.
The main medical treatment for depression is antidepressant medication. If you are experiencing moderate to severe depression your doctor may prescribe antidepressant medication. There are many different types of antidepressant medication which have been shown to work, but their effectiveness differs from person to person. Antidepressants take at least two weeks before they start to help and it may also take some time for the doctor to find the most suitable medication and dosage.
Different treatments work for different people and its best to speak to your GP or mental health professional about your options and preferences. Other sources of support can be found here: https://www.beyondblue.org.au/get-support/treatment-options/other-sources-of-support
Who Can Help
There are a number of Mental Health Professionals who can help you. This can include a General Practioners, Psychologist, Psychiatrist and Mental Health Nurse.
For Further Information
A guide to what works for depression from beyond blue. This is a 92 page book